Elevated blood sugars increase the risks of adverse outcomes after surgery according to recent study cited in "Clinical Diabetes", summer 2018. Special attention therefore must be paid to these patients both before and after surgery. Compared to patients with normal blood sugar, patients with diabetes have an increased risk of mortality 6 months after surgery, and elevated risks of complications that require additional hospitalization. Studies reveal that the higher the blood sugar, the higher the risk of adverse outcomes. For those with diabetes in need of surgery, it is very important to consult with the physician controlling diabetes, to determine the best plan to keep the blood sugar control to prevent adverse outcomes. Ways of decreasing blood sugar levels are losing weight and being physically active. Losing weight can be achieved by eating smaller servings, try calorie-free drinks or water instead of regular soft drinks or juice,choose baked, grilled, and steamed foods instead of fried, eat more vegetables, whole grains, and fruit, and avoiding high fat toppings. Walking whenever possible; walk every day for 30 minutes, 5 days a week or split the 30 minutes into two 15 minute or three 10 minute walks. Try strength training by lifting light weights two to three times a week. Talk with your health care team about ways to achieve your goals using meal planning, physical activity and medicine.
Below is a link for information related to surgery and diabetes.